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Traditional Okinawa Village and Omoro Arboretum

Plant description

Planchonella obovate

It is a mid-sized evergreen tree of the Sapotaceae family that grows on lime rocks near the coast or within residential areas. Inside the elliptic fruit are one or two black seeds. The flowering season is from April through June.

Ficus superba var. japonica

It is a Moraceae tree that grows on rocks or in limestone regions along the coast. It grows to be over 50 feet tall and nearly 40 inches in diameter. It is an interesting tree that loses its leaves in the summer. Its fruit is pink with white spots.

Musa liukiuensis

It is a Musaceae plant originally found from eastern India to Melanesia. The inflorescence and pseudostems are edible, and the fiber of the pseudostems is used to weave Bashofu abaca cloth.

Podocarpus macrophyllus

It is a Podocarpaceae plant found in Okinawa which grows purplish-red mature receptacles in the autumn. Most of these plants grow near the ocean. The flowering season is from March through April.

Trema orientalis (L.) Blume

It is a mid-sized Ulmaceae tree that grows on the roadsides of fields and mountains, and in green groves.
It grows to be 50 feet tall and 23.6 inches wide. Its stems are grayish white and its leaves have narrow serrations. The fruit of this tree is black.

Hibiscus tiliaceus

It is a small-sized Malvaceae tree called “Yuhna” in Okinawan dialect. It is planted on coastal sand zones to prevent tidal erosion, and in gardens for shade. Its flower is light yellow and grows on the upper part of the branch.

Ficus microcarpa

It is a Moraceae evergreen tree that naturally grows mainly in the coastal regions. The aerial root develops to form a unique tree shape. It is used for various purposes such as decorating parks, gardens, streets, and also as a windreaker.

Prunus campanulata

It is a deciduous tree of the Rosaceae plant family that grows to be approximately 26 feet tall. Two or three flowers with reddish purple sepals hang down lower than the leaves and bloom.

Murraya paniculata

It is a Rutaceae evergreen tree that naturally grows in the limestone regions of Okinawa. It is called “Gigchi” in Okinawan dialect. Its flower is white and has a unique scent, and is used for a variety of purposes including garden trees, hedges and the greening of roads.

Alpinia zerumbet

It is a Zingiberaceae plant that mainly grows on plains, at the foot of mountains, and in open fields. It grows many beautiful flowers, and its leaves are used to wrap rice cake called “Onimochi”.

Lagerstroemia indica

It is a deciduous mid-sized tree of Lythraceae family. Its place of origin is southern China and India. Its tree bark is reddish brown, and the surface is slippery when the bark is peeled off which is why it’s called “monkey slipper” in Japanese. Its flower is red or white. The flowering season is from June through September.

Rhaphiolepis shrubs

It is a Rosaceae family plant written “車輪梅”. It is found on the main island of Japan and Kyushu, and mainly grows on the coast. The flowering season is in May.

Melia azedarach

It is a deciduous tree of the Meliaceae plant family that naturally grows in fields and mountains. It is also called “Jindangi”. It grows fast and becomes large, and is used for furniture and construction material. It can also be seen in parks and along streets.

Farfugium japonicum

It is an evergreen perennial of the Asteraceae plant family which grows in fields and mountains. Its leaf is shaped like a heart and is shiny, thick and soft. Its stem grows to be about 2 feet tall in late Autumn, and grows many yellow flowers.

Calophyllum inophyllum

It is a Clusiaceae evergreen tree that grows on the coast. The wood from this tree becomes shiny when polished and is used for making expensive furniture. Its flower is white and there is one large seed in its fruit. The flowering season is from May through June.

Piper retrofractum

It is a Piperaceae evergreen creeping plant found on the islands of Java and Sumatra in Indonesia and in Thailand. It’s called “Hihachi” in Okinawan dialect.
Since it grows aerial roots from the stem and sticks to the surface of walls, it can be used not only on stone walls but also on concrete-block walls for greening. It gives a rustic flavor to the scenery.

Livistona chinensis

It is an evergreen tree of the Arecaceae plant family. It is a tree that stands alone and grows to be over 33 feet high. The tip of its leaf is split and hangs down. Its oval shape fruit is initially green and later turns dark purple.

Garcinia subelliptica

It is an evergreen tree of the Clusiaceae plant family. It has thick leaves and its cylindrical trunk stands straight. These trees were used as a windbreak forest long ago. Colorant extracted from its bark is used to dye material used in the making of Bingata. The flowering season is from May through June.

Ehretia microohylla

It is an evergreen tree of the Boraginaceae plant family which grows on limestone land and becomes about three to ten feet tall. The upper surface of its leaf is bristled and rough. Its flower is white, and its fruit is spherical and yellowish red.

Phyllostachys aurea

It is a Poaceae family plant and is written ”布袋竹 (Hoteichiku)”. It is found mainly in China. The way the internode is inflated is compared to the face of the god Hotei which is where its name came from.

Euonymus japonicus

It is a Celastraceae family plant which is seen on limestone land and shore reefs on the coast. It is also used as a garden tree. It is about 10 feet tall. It grows a small light green flower on a long stem.

Prunus persica

It is a Rosaceae family plant. Many of them are garden species which are divided into fruit types and ornamental types. The flowering season is from March through April.

Diospyros ferrea Bakhuizen

It is an evergreen tree of the Ebenaceae plant family. It grows to about 33 feet tall. There are those that grow naturally on the Yaeyama Islands and Yonagunijima Island, but on the main island of Okinawa, they are widely used as garden trees. Its heartwood is valued for making the neck of Shamisen. The flowering season is from May through June.

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